What is the Biennial Festival? A Fantastic Answer Behind
The Biennial Festival is a splendid chance to discover the art of Brazil. The show is open to everyone, so why do not you attend?
The Biennial Festival is an art event for everyone who loves art and other related forms. In the exhibition, you can discover the local art scene and meet famous artists all over the world. Venice (Italia) and São Paulo (Brazil) are two prominent places celebrating the festival.
The Biennial Festival is…
What is the Biennial Festival? The biennial festival is an art exhibition and is celebrated in São Paulo, Brazil. Thus, it also has another name - The São Paulo Art Biennial. Founded in 1951, the show has been commemorated every two years.
Along with the Venice Biennale, this festival is the second oldest art show in the world. The Venice Biennale was started in 1895 as the first role model for many art events today, including the Biennial Festival.
Ciccillo Matarazzo is the father of the Biennial. He is an Italian-Brazilian industrialist. In the São Paulo Biennial , it has Brazilian and other international artworks. So, it is one of the most crucial arts in Brazil, the South American continent, and others. Thanks to the Biennial, contemporary art is popular in Brazil and South America.
Moreover, this is graceful leverage for Brazilians in spreading the knowledge of contemporary art. These days, Brazil has become an international art center with a huge number of international audiences.
It is said that the Biennial is a spectacle for artists, but the festival welcomes all. Exhilarating pieces attract many audiences in personal or different ways. Regardless of your empathy for art, the atmosphere and spirit of the festival are worth joining.
Contemporary art in Brazil
The Brazilian art scene has been uncommon for the last few decades. This is a challenge to seek a comparable situation in any nation in the world. Because of the bad financial state, Brazil's life goes down and creates an indentation in all factors.
The scene market for local art has also declined. Fortunately, the art scene remains in its state. The local art wave has been demonstrated for years. São Paulo street art is a great example of proving this and leaving the world in mystery. Money is not a solid requirement to build marvelous pieces of art.
In recent years, the local market has taken another essential step toward recovering the art pieces. Most of the art has been displayed and sold domestically only, which is evidence of the increase in the middle class. It also reflects the art’s influence outside the country.
Nowadays, foreigners are interested in the art of Brazil. This shows the latest trend in discovering contemporary art or other factors of the local art in the country. Brazil is the hub of artwork in the continent and over the world.
Though the influence is not strong when compared to Europe and North America, this is a magnificent sign. Of course, Brazil is the home of the artists in this art scene. Here are a few names making you want to take a tour right away.
Saint Clair Cemin
Saint Clair Cemin is a sculptor and painter. He was born in a rural area of South Brazil – Cruz Alta. He moved to São Paulo and kicked off his passion for art. In this city, he developed surrealistic illustrations.
Most of his sculptures come from his experiences in his studies and travels. Additionally, he read and followed global cultures to build other artworks. Made of a variety of materials – stainless steel, ceramics, and bronze; his contemporary sculptures were unique.
Vik Muniz is also a famous Brazilian artist worldwide. He was born in a working-class family in Sao Paulo. His first few artworks of Muniz were sculptures; he then tried the drawing mediums and photography. In general, his artworks are iconic, classic, and pop culture with typical materials – from paper to food.
Rodrigo Torres is a young talent in art and he was born in Rio de Janeiro. He studied at the Federal University of Rio Janeiro’s School of Fine Arts. After that, he continued to study photography at the Atelie da Imagem City. One of its most famous artworks of Torres is the colorfully crafted banknotes. They are vivid, unique, and beguiling.
Fernanda Quinderé was born in Brasilia. After that, her family moved to Rio de Janeiro. She attended the Escola de Artes Visuais do Parque Lage to improve her visual instinct. Later, she studied plenty of painting classes at Estácio de Sá. In 2004, she opened her first exhibition at Galerie Debret of the Brazilian Embassy Cultural Center in Paris, France.
Arts in Brazil – What makes it distinctive?
When you explore the art in Brazil, you will learn the ancient history from there. The conventional residents are the pre-Columbian Indigenous. They are Native people and they create different forms of art and culture. Brazil then was colonized by Portugal, so the art form influences the Portuguese.
It is said that Brazilians have the art after the Portugal colonization. Nonetheless, the locals have numerous signs found in the caves before. Their ancestors use minerals and natural pigments to draw on the walls. They also use plants (concentrated juice) and animals (blood) to derive their ideas.
When Brazil was colonized by the Portuguese in 1500, more than 5 million native people lived there. So, a huge portion of the first inhabitants of Brazil was killed. And the culture of Portuguese was popular in Brazil. At that time, art also impacted them.
The 1670s is another key moment in Brazilian art history. At that time, people found gold in the Minas Gerais state. The Catholic missionaries hunt gold for their artwork surroundings. The Portuguese invasion continued. The Baroque influenced many religious sculptures with wood and thin layers of gold.
The French General - Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Portugal, Portugal’s king and his family moved to Brazil in the first few years of the 19th century. The royal family made a new landmark in the art history of Brazil. This was the time of neoclassical art. Another pivotal point of developing the neoclassical art trend is the arrival of the French Artistic Commission. People love the simplicity and this was the core characteristic of the movement.
Romantic art (romantic area)
Romanticism in the art was born in three countries in Europe – Italy, Germany, and England. Gonçalves de Magalhães – a local writer of Brazil began at the end of the 18th century in Rio de Janeiro.
In the last years of Dom Pedro II’s reign, a new artistic trend was kicking off and increasing in Brazil. It was called the naturalism movement. In addition to the political changes, the nation was going to change other major things. This is because the Second Industrial Revolution was going solid and Capitalism was developing throughout the world. Hence, the demand for using human resources and machines escalated.
The expressionism trend happened in Brazil in the early 1900s. This art form represented a robust Avant-guard direction. People revere the emotional value and the subjectivity.
Modernism is used to indicate the fast changes in the early 20th century. Artworks expressed the new reality and ambitions of humans as well as society. In Brazil, modernist art comes from political changes. Brazilians could break and remove the traditionalism of the art directions in the past.
Contemporary Brazilian art
Contemporary art is the art of today, including artworks produced in the early 21st century. It conveys the modern art movement to the present day. Contemporary art in Brazil has a wide range such as painting, sculpture, drawing, collage, photography, video art, land art, performance art, and installation art.
Where could I learn about art? Aside from reading books and visiting museums, try to attend a festival like the Biennial . At a similar festival, you can find a wide range of art forms and take an in-depth look at local culture. Yup, this is a valuable opportunity that you should not miss!